İran Genel Seçimleri, 1943–1944
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  Sadegh Tabatabaʾi.jpg Zia'eddin Tabatabaee.jpg Ali Dashti.jpg
Parti Ulusal Birlik Partisi (İran) Anavatan Partisi (İran) Adalet Partisi (İran)

  Soleiman Eskandari 2.jpg Portrait of Mohammad Mosaddegh - circa 1952 (B&W).jpg MostafaFateh.png
Parti Tudeh Partisi İran Partisi Yoldaşlar Partisi

Önceki Başbakan

Ali Soheyli

Seçilen Başbakan

Muhammad Said

1943–1944 İran Genel Seçimleri, 14'üncü İran Parlamentosu seçimleri Kasım 1943-Şubat 1944'te yapıldı. 800'den fazla aday 136 sandalye için seçime katıldı.

Ervand Abrahamian 1982'de bu seçimlerin "modern İran'daki tüm seçimlerin en uzun, en rekabetçi ve en anlamlı" olduğunu yazdı.[1]

Zaman çizelgesi

Tahran

  • 24 Kasım 1943: Seçimlerin başlangıcı [2] :263
  • 27 Kasım 1943: Seçimlerin bitişi :270
  • 30 Aralık 1943: Oyların sayılmaya başlanması :271
  • 10 Şubat 1944: Tahran'dan 11 milletvekili seçildi. 12. ertelendi. :275

Sonuçlar

Tudeh Partisi, 15 adayından 9 sandalye kazandı. Parti adayları için kullanılan toplam oy sayısının 1,5 milyon olduğu ve toplam oyların % 8'i olduğu tahmin ediliyor.[3]

Tahran'da kullanılan toplam 41.000 oydan Muhammed Musaddık ilk olarak 15.000 oyla bitirdi.[4] Tüm Tudeh Partisi adayları seçim bölgesinde yenildi.[3]

İsfahan'da resmi sonuçlar, Taghi Fadakar'ın 30.499 oyla ilk milletvekili olduğunu ve sırasıyla sırasıyla 29,740 ve 28,730 oyla Hüsameddin Devlatabadi ve Haydar Ali İmami'nin seçildiğini gösterdi.[4]

Tebriz'in ilk iki sandalyesi 47.780'den 15.883 ve 15.780 oyla Kho'i ve Pişevari (Sovyet destekli) seçildi, ancak her ikisinin de bilgileri daha sonra reddedildi. Seçim bölgesinde yedi sandalyenin geri kalanı Eskandari, Sadeqi, Sedat el-İslam, İpekçiyan (Sovyet destekli), Panahi, Mojtahedi ve Sartippur'a gitti.[5]

Meclise giren partiler:

Parti Koltuklar Ref
Ulusal Birlik Partisi 30 [6]
Anavatan Partisi 26 [7]
Adalet Partisi 15 [8]
Tudeh Partisi 9 [b] [3]
İran Partisi 6 [c] [9]
Yoldaşlar Partisi 2

Parlamentonun milletvekillerinin 7 partiye arasında dağılışı:

Iranian Parliament 1944–1946.svg
Parti Parti Başkanı Politik Çizgisi Milletvekilliği
Ulusal Sendikacılar Muhammed Tabatabaey Kraliyetçi [10] 30 [6]
Vatanseverler Ziyaeddin Tabatabaei Kraliyet karşıtı, İngiliz yanlısı 26 [7]
Liberaller Ferman Farmain Kraliyet karşıtı, Sovyet yanlısı 20 [11]
Bireyler Musaddık Kraliyet karşıtı, Tarafsız 16 [9]
Bağımsızlar Ali Daşti Amerikan yanlısı 15 [8]
Demokratlar Mehdi Ferruh Kraliyet karşıtı, İngiliz yanlısı 11 [12]
Tudeh Reza Radmaneş Sovyet yanlısı [13] 8 [14]
Boş koltuklar 10 [15]
Toplam 136

Kaynakça

Dipnotlar

  1. ^ Musaddık Bağımsız o zaman üyesi değildi İran Partisi. Ancak görüşleri sıklıkla kendi adına kampanya yürüten partiye denk geliyordu.
  2. ^ Including Jafar Pishevari, who was not a member but was closely associated with the party endorsed him. Pishevari did not take seat since his credentials were rejected.
  3. ^ Including Mohammad Mossadegh, who was not a member but was closely associated with the party endorsed him.
  1. ^ Abrahamian 1982, s. 186
  2. ^ [Chronology of the fifty-year Pahlavi Kingship] |çeviri-başlık= kullanmak için |başlık= gerekiyor (yardım) (Farsça). 1. Paris: Soheil Press. 1986 http://fis-iran.org/en/content/chronology-fifty-year-pahlavi-kingship-0 |url= eksik başlık (yardım). 
  3. ^ a b c Ladjevardi 1985, s. 45: The total number of the votes cast for Tudeh candidates was estimated to be one-eight of the total votes cast, estimated at 1,500,000... In all, nine of the party's fifteen candidates were elected, although none were elected for the twelve seats for Tehran. Of the Central Council and Tudeh Party leaders who stood for election in Tehran, Dr. Morteza Yazdi received 4,719 votes, Ebrahim Mahzari 2,831, and Hossein Jahani 2,796 out of the 41,000 total votes cast.
  4. ^ a b Ladjevardi 1985, s. 159: The "official" slate was, in fact, elected: Taghi Fadakar finished first with 30,499 votes (twice the number of votes cast for Dr. Mohammad Mossadegh, the top candidate in the Tehran elections), Hesameddin Dowlatabadi was second with 29,740 votes and Heidar-Ali Emami third with 28,730.
  5. ^ Atabaki 2000, s. 73
  6. ^ a b Abrahamian 1982, s. 200: The National Union Caucus mustered at most thirty deputies.
  7. ^ a b Abrahamian 1982, s. 202: The Patriotic Caucus, on the other hand, included twenty-six deputies, many of whom represented constituencies in the British zone... The views of the fraksiun were publicized outside the Majles not only by the Fatherland party and its successor, the National Will party, but also by a number of newspapers...
  8. ^ a b Abrahamian 1982, s. 202: Heirs to the Justice fraksiun of the Thirteenth Majles, the fifteen members of the Independent Caucus changed their parliamentary label for two major reasons. Headed by Dashti... Outside the Majles, the Independent Caucus was helped by the Justice party and its impressive array of well-financed newspapers.
  9. ^ a b Abrahamian 1982, s. 202: Finally, the Individuals' Caucus was a loose coalition of some sixteen deputies who usually followed the lead of Mossadeq, especially on foreign and constitutional issues. Closest to Mossadeq were the five representatives of the Iran party and the two leaders of the Comrades party. The others were nonporty deputies elected mainly from the northern constituencies.
  10. ^ Abrahamian 1978, s. 37: ...four main anti-royalist groups - Liberals, Patriots, Democrats, and Individuals - allying to initiate a collective offensive against the royalists in the National Union Faction
  11. ^ Abrahamian 1982, s. 202: During the Fourteenth Majles, Umid functioned as the unofficial organ of the Liberal Caucus. Of the twenty deputies in the Caucus...
  12. ^ Abrahamian 1982, s. 202: The Patriots worked closely with the eleven deputies of the Democratic Caucus. Known by their opponents as the "tribal group" (fraksiun-i 'ashayir), the Democrats were led by the two Bakhtiyari deputies...
  13. ^ Abrahamian 1978: The Tudeh and the Liberals, seeing Britain as the main enemy, intended to ally with the Soviet Union. The Patriots and the Democrats, fearing Russia as the chief threat, hoped to work closely with Britain. The Independents, distrusting both, planned to rely on the United States. The Individuals, on the other hand, proposed to save the country's independence through a policy of 'negative equilibrium'... Bayat took office in November with a slim majority formed of National Unionists and pro-British Democrats-Patriots. But he left office six months later having lost the votes of all Democrats-Patriots and of some dissident National Unionists, and instead having gained a significant minority composed of loyal National Unionists, neutralist Individuals, and pro-Soviet Tudeh-Liberal
  14. ^ Abrahamian 1982, s. 201: Of the eight representatives in the Tudeh Caucus, all came from the ranks of the young intelligentsia, although two were from aristocratic families.
  15. ^ Abrahamian 1978, s. 36: ...ten were inactive - five had their credentials rejected, two died early in the session, another two resigned, and the last was in a British prison for his German connections.

Kaynakça